Multimode fibre: Light-sheet microscopy at the tip of a needle

Martin Plöschner, Věra Kollárová, Zbyněk Dostál, Jonathan Nylk, Thomas Barton-Owen, David E. K. Ferrier, Radim Chmelík, Kishan Dholakia, and Tomáš Čižmár

Scientific Reports 5, 18050 (2015)

doi: 10.1038/srep18050

Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy has emerged as a powerful platform for 3-D volumetric imaging in the life sciences. Here, we introduce an important step towards its use deep inside biological tissue. Our new technique, based on digital holography, enables delivery of the light-sheet through a multimode optical fibre – an optical element with extremely small footprint, yet permitting complex control of light transport processes within. We show that this approach supports some of the most advanced methods in light-sheet microscopy: by taking advantage of the cylindrical symmetry of the fibre, we facilitate the wavefront engineering methods for generation of both Bessel and structured Bessel beam plane illumination. Finally, we assess the quality of imaging on a sample of fluorescent beads fixed in agarose gel and we conclude with a proof-of-principle imaging of a biological sample, namely the regenerating operculum prongs ofSpirobranchus lamarcki.